Spinning, textile

Spinning Process – A Conversion Process Of Fibers Into Yarn

Industrial revolution bought dynamic changes in our daily lives and textile manufacturing process is no more an exception. Spinning mills are significant for textile industries as they transfigure fibre into yarn and yarn into fabric. Few cotton mills generally conduct the textile manufacturing process by generating fibers from cotton bales supplied and processing it ahead to attain fabrics. Spinning process is an initial step to produce textile layout such as garments, fabric, home textile and so on. People used to convert fibers into yarn i.e. the spinning process by hand before a couple of decades which has now been mostly replaced by advanced technology of mechanical spinning carried in textile mills. Let’s have a view on spinning process in textile manufacturing.

Spinning Process – End to end Operation of Spinning Mill work | Check insider Cotton Spinning Mills
Textile Spinning Process


Industrial revolution supplied developments to production units making their process easy in controlling the process by spinning machinery. In this machine process various levels are added to convert fiber (cotton/wool) into yarn to process it further for textile products. This transformation goes through various levels such as:

  • Step 1: Blowroom process
  • Step 2: Carding
  • Step 3: Combining
  • Step 4: Drawing
  • Step 5: Roving
  • Step 6: Cone winding


 Blowroom indicates place processing “Air Flow”. Blow room consists of various machineries to conduct the objectives of blowroom.  Here the cluster of cotton brought is changed into miniature material. Simply, in blow room section, the compressed bales are opened, cleaned and blended/mixed according to particular length to form a specific size of lap.


Carding is known as heart of spinning process as it defines the concluded features of yarn. The lap produced in blowroom is now shifted to carding machine for production of carded silver. Here the bales processed will open up in single fiber. Apparently, it will make ease to remove the left impurities on the surface of fiber making it straight and separating the short fiber.


As yarn is arranged in parallel manner, it is straightened again in stage of combining. On the other hand, the left short fiber will be subtracted completely from longer staple fiber. This will result in stronger and smoother staple fabric having higher demand in market.


This is a device in which drafting and drawing are carried out. Doubling is the application of feeding several intermediate strands into a single strand. Drafting is carried out to lessen fiber laps to slivers. The carded silver is drafted between roller to produce drawn silver


The yarn produced is processed into a speed frame to attain roving yarn. This is the initial step where twist is inserted for giving hold to the fibers in a spinning mill. The roving yarn is of little larger diameter as compared to the final yarn. Similarly ring frames are used to produce finished yarns from obtained roving yarns. yarn is resulted having good amount of strength through these ring frames. 


Cone winding is just a simple packaging process functioning as a link between last stages of yarn manufacturing and initial stages of fabric manufacturing process.  It is important to utilize the winding devices properly to avoid the loss of spinning mills as well as consumers.


From the above information provided you might receive a clear notion of how the spinning process is carried out .e. from all different stages. The above spinning methods in textile manufacturing process only conduct the production of yarn by textile fiber. This semi-finished products are further managed with other different methods such dyeing, weaving, garment manufacturing and much more. Spinning procedure is not same for every fiber instead it is carried differently for cotton, wool, jute, etc. also, there are different yarn spinning systems such as dry spinning, wet spinning, open-end spinning, rotor spinning, and so on. The invested spinning mills perform the function of producing yarn which is than further processed to make it as finished good.


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