fabrics, textile

Different Types of Fabrics Names Used In Textile Industry

There are various types of fabrics used in Textile Industry for garment manufacturing and other day by day usages. Textile Infomedia provide you some of leading fabrics names list which can be useful for understanding all fabric names. Fabric is a product of the textile industry made by creating an interlocking network of threads or yarn. Fabrics that are used for garments and clothing are interlocked by knitting or weaving the yarns together. However, some fibers used for making fabric are also bonded by heat, mechanical or chemical treatment. The most common classification of fabrics is knitted, woven, and non-woven. Fabrics come in a wide variety of types and forms, with each type having a different texture and properties. Some fabrics are used in the garment industry for making clothing apparel while others are used in making upholstery items.

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List of all Types Of Fabrics names with Images and Description of Each Fabric Names

List of all different Fabric Types
List of all different Fabric Types

If you are looking for different – different types of fabric then you land at the best place. Here we provide a list of all major types of Fabrics which are regularly used in textile industry. Depending on the yarn which has been used and the properties of the final product, fabrics are classified into given list of fabric names. Moreover, here you can find different types of fabrics with pictures which will help you to understand the fabrics and their uses in various applications.

1.     Denim Fabric

Denim Fabric
Denim Fabric

Denim is a sturdy and tight cotton fabric in which each weft thread passes under at least two or more warp threads, which results in a diagonal ribbing pattern. The diagonal ribbing pattern is what separates denim fabric from canvas, or cotton duck, which is another sturdy fabric. There are various types of denim fabric names list, known as indigo denim, stretch denim, crushed denim, acid-washed denim, raw denim, and sanforized denim. Denim fabric is a popular choice for people of different ages. Because of this reason, manufacturers and exporters prefer denim fabric for different clothing such as jeans, jackets, western wear, ladies’ shirts, Ladies tops, Denim kurtis, etc.

2.     Digital Printed Fabric

Digital Fabrics
Digital Fabrics

It is a way of printing fabrics using digital inkjet printers rather than old traditional printers. Digital printers are known to be more economic and generate less waste as compared to other methods of printing on fabric. Digital Printing also generates more quality results as the printing is done through a graphic image. This increases the overall quality of printing and delivers better and more precise results. Digital printed fabric is prominent for use in clothing as well as other places such as bed sheets, pillow covers, etc. this is why it is preferred by manufacturers and exporters for use in clothing and upholstery.

3.     Jacquard Fabric

Jacquard Fabric
Jacquard Fabric

Jacquard is a fabric with highly detailed and precise weaving patterns. The patterns are not embroidered but are directly woven on the fabric. Jacquard fabric is woven on specially designed looms, which are used to produce other fabrics like brocade and damask as well. Jacquard is used commonly in the Indian textile industry in making jacquard sarees, lehengas, and upholstery fabrics. With the advent of new technological advancements, jacquard is now woven with the computerized process. This has helped in eliminating the repetitiveness in the manufacturing process.

4.     Viscose Fabric

Viscose Fabric
Viscose Fabric

Viscose is a semi-synthetic rayon fabric made from wood pulp and is used as a substitute for silk. The drape and smoothness are similar in viscose which gives the fabric a luxury feel and makes it a prominent substitute for silk. The wood pulp is converted into fabric by treating it with chemicals. It is an absorbent and lightweight fabric with a breathable and soft feel to it, which makes the fabric highly preferred. The fabric by itself is not elastic but can be made so by the addition of spandex. Therefore, you can see that there are different types of fabrics used in the textile business.

5.     Khadi Fabric

Khadi Fabric
Khadi Fabric

Khadi, also known as khaddar is a handwoven natural fabric made primarily with cotton. Other versions of khadi fabric also include silk and wool. The texture of khadi fabric is rugged in texture and feels comfortable to be worn in summer as well as winter. Today the khadi fabric is available in various variations, prints, and designs ranging from Kantha to block prints. Moreover, the fabric is available in a wide range of t-shirts, dresses, and pants. Due to industrialization, khadi making is now done through machines. This has not only reduced the time of production but has also made the fabric available in new cuts and designs. Khadi is one of the most common fabric names used in India.

6.     Embroidered Fabric

Embroidered Fabric
Embroidered Fabric

Embroidery is the art of embellishing fabrics with the use of needles and applying them to yearn. It is commonly done to add decorative materials such as pearls, beads, quills, etc. Today, embroidery is done on hats, blankets, dresses, shirts, denim, etc. to enhance their look. Embroidery adds value to any simply dyed fabrics and makes them look pleasant and fashionable. Embroidered fabric today is made with computers to increase the efficiency as well as precision of work.

7.     Dyed Fabric

Dyed Fabric
Dyed Fabric

Dying fabric is the process of applying dyes or pigments to a textile material such as fibers, yarns, or fabrics to change its color to a desired one. The dye is fixed onto the fabric by the method of absorption, diffusion, or bonding it with the fabric by using controlled time and temperature. Dyed fabrics have high demand in the market as they are eye-pleasing as well as trendy in terms of fashion. The dyes are made out of natural pigments or chemical pigments to stain the fabric with the preferred color. Almost all the fabrics can be dyed to desired colors using different techniques nowadays.

8.     Satin

Satin Fabric
Satin Fabric

Satin is a soft and shiny fabric with a lustrous surface on one side and a dull surface on the other. This is a result of the way the satin fabric is weaved. Silk, polyester, and nylon are commonly used to make satin. It is considered to be more of a weaving technique, rather than fabric and therefore some people emphasize that satin can be made only from silk. A list of fabrics similar to satin is manufactured and used in the textile market.

9.     Organza Fabric

Organza Fabric
Organza Fabric

Organza is a lightweight, sheer, plain woven fabric that is characterized by the small holes going throughout it. Organza was originally made from silk but now is also made from synthetic fibers such as nylon and polyester. This type of organza is more durable than the silk one but is still prone to tears. The quality of organza fabric is defined by the number of holes in it. The higher the hole count is, the better the fabric is said to be. Organza is a popular fabric used in a number of textiles such as wedding gowns and evening wear.

10. Silk Fabric

Silk Fabric
Silk Fabric

Silk is a natural fiber that is produced by the silkworm and is known for its luster and softness. The silkworm secretes silk to make its cocoon. Silk is a famous fabric name that is known for its shine and softness and is considered a luxurious material. It is used in a variety of clothing and provides a beautiful drape and sheen. Moreover, silk is also used for accessories, bedding, upholstery, and more to give a luxurious touch. The best quality of silk is achieved from cocoons of the larvae of the mulberry silkworm. Silk sarees are famous in India, where they are a textile of choice for local ladies.

11. Taffeta Fabric

Taffeta Fabric
Taffeta Fabric

Taffeta is a plain-woven fabric made mostly from silk but can also be made with other synthetic fibers. Taffeta has a lustrous and shiny look to it and can vary in weight from light to medium. The sheerness of the fabric is also variable and depends on the type of fiber being used and the tightness of the weave. Taffeta is a popular choice for lining fabric and is also used in evening wear and home décor.

12. Crepe

Crepe Fabric
Crepe Fabric

Crepe is alight to medium weight fabric that is made of silk, wool, or synthetic fiber. It has a distinctive wrinkled appearance and is widely used in making clothes such as dresses, trousers, suits, blouses, and more. Crêpe is also a popular choice of textile material for home décor items such as curtains, pillow covers, and other items of upholstery.

13. Georgette Fabric

Georgette Fabric
Georgette Fabric

Georgette is a type of crepe fabric that is woven using yarns which are tightly twisted yarns. This creates a crinkle effect on the surface of the textile. Georgette is a lightweight textile with dull matte finish silk georgette is very similar in appearance to silk chiffon but has less sheer due to tighter weave. Georgette is commonly available in printed vibrant colors and floral prints but is also available in solid colors.

14. Linen Fabric

Linen Fabric
Linen Fabric

Linen fabric is a strong, extremely absorbing, breathable, and lightweight fabric derived from the flax plant. It is a common material used in making towels, tablecloths, napkins, and bedsheets. Moreover, the material is also used as inner lining in jackets and hence has the name ‘lining’. This textile is ideal for summer clothing as its lightweight quality allows air to pass through and regulate temperature.

You can find a list of fabrics with all types of fabric names and their uses. Moreover, all types of fabrics which are commonly made in the textile industry and used in everyday applications are enlisted.

15. Canvas

Canvas Fabric
Canvas Fabric

It is a sturdy and heavy-duty fabric made with heavy cotton yarns, with linen yarn added occasionally. Canvas, by itself, is a plain-weave fabric and can be turned water-resistant or even water proof, when cotton is with other synthetic fabrics. This can make canvas an ideal outdoor fabric.

16. Cashmere Fabric

Cashmere Fabric
Cashmere Fabric

It is a wool type fabric made with cashmere goats. The fibers used in cashmere fabric are fine and moth, hence often leading to the comparison between cashmere and silk. However, cashmere is lighter than other normal wool. Therefore, other types of wool such as merino are added to cashmere. As only cashmere wool is fine and this.

17. Chenille Fabric

Chenille Fabric
Chenille Fabric

Chenille is fiber as well as yarn, which makes it a soft material. The threads when making chenille are purposefully piled up which end up in the final product having a caterpillar-like fury exterior. As chenille is a woven fabric, it can be woven with a variety of different fibers such as cotton, rayon, silk, and cotton.

18. Chiffon Fabric

Chiffon Fabric
Chiffon Fabric

It is a lightweight fabric that has a slight amount of shine to it. Chiffon is a plain-woven fabric and has small puckers created by s and z twists, which make the yarn a little rough to touch. Chiffon yarns are also twisted much more than the standard yarns and are later woven in plain weave. Plain weave is a method in which single weft threads are alternatively placed over single warp threads. This fabric can be woven from synthetic as well as natural textile types, such as silk, nylon, polyester, and rayon.

19. Cotton Fabric

Cotton Fabric
Cotton Fabric

Cotton is derived from the natural fibers of cotton plants and is considered to be a staple fiber. This means that it is composed of different varying lengths of fiber. The primary material of cotton is cellulose, which is an insoluble plant material and has soft and fluffy properties. Cotton fibers are spun together to make the yarn which is later woven to create fabrics that are soft and durable. Products of cotton fabric are used in garments such as t-shirts, and household items such as bedsheets. Cotton fabric is the most commonly used fabric around the world. It, therefore, is preferred the most by cotton fabrics manufacturers and exporters.

20. Damask Fabric

Damask Fabric
Damask Fabric

It is a type of fabric in which the pattern is woven into the fabric, rather than being printed on it. The design is created by a combination of two weaving techniques. The background of the textile is made by plain, twill, or sateen weave. The design can be in single or multiple colors and is woven on the background textile using a satin weave. Damask can be made from a variety of textiles such as linen, wool, silk, and rayon.

21. Gingham Fabric

Gingham Fabric
Gingham Fabric

Gingham is cotton, or sometimes a cotton blended fabric made with dyed yarn which is woven with a plain weave. This process results in checked patterns which can be made in various sizes. Gingham is commonly available in dual color patterns and the most common combinations are red-white gingham and blue-white gingham. The patterns on this textile are reversible and appear similar on both of its sides. Low cost and ease of production make gingham a popular fabric that is used commonly used in shirts, dresses, and tablecloths.

22. Jersey Fabric

Jersey Fabric
Jersey Fabric

Jersey is a soft, stretchable fabric that was originally made from wool. However, at the present time, it is also made from cotton, its blends, and synthetic fibers. The right side of the jersey knit fabric is smooth while the other side is heavily loaded with loops. Jersey textile is a light to medium weight product and is ideal for items such as sweatshirts and bedsheets.

23. Lace

Lace Fabric
Lace Fabric

Lace is a delicate fiber that was originally made from silk and linen but today cotton thread and synthetic fibers are also commonly used. It is characterized by its open wave designs which are created by a variety of techniques. Lace is most commonly used as a decorative fabric that improves the appearance of clothing and home décor. Lace is still considered to be a luxury textile as it takes a lot of time and patience to make. The lace fabric is available in different types such as fancy lace, GPO lace, embroidered lace, jacquard lace, border lace narrow fabric lace etc.

24. Leather Fabric

Leather Fabric
Leather Fabric

Leather is an animal-based textile and is derived from their skin. Different types of animal skins require different treatments. Cowhide is the most widely used leather, comprising 6% of the total leather market. Today, almost any animal can be converted into leather, such as crocodile, pig, and even stingray. Leather is a durable yet wrinkle-resistant textile and can adapt to various different looks depending on the animal type, grade, and treatment.

25. Merino Wool Fabric

Merino Wool Fabric
Merino Wool Fabric

This fabric is a type of wool that is derived from the fur coat of merino sheep. Unlike regular wool which causes itchiness, merino wool is well known to be the softest form of wool and does not itch on the skin. Merino wool is a luxurious fiber and is prominently used for socks and outdoor clothing.it is well known for being moisture-wicking, breathable, and odor resistant.

26. Modal Fabric

Modal Fabric
Modal Fabric

It is a semi-synthetic fiber that is made from the pulp of a beach tree. Modal is another form of rayon but is more durable and flexible. Moreover, it is often blended with other fibers such as cotton and spandex to add to its strength and durability. Modal is commonly used for clothing such as underwear and pajama and household items such as bedsheets and towels. Modal is one of few fabric names which are popular and are available easily in the market.

27. Muslin Fabric

Muslin Fabric
Muslin Fabric

Muslin is a loosely-woven cotton fabric that is made using the plain weave method. Muslin textile has its application in the fashion industry where it is used to test patterns before cutting and stitching. Muslin is lightweight and gauzy, which makes it an ideal material to test patterns. It, therefore, is used to replicate drape and is also easy to sew with. This makes muslin an ideal choice in the fashion industry while testing designs.

28. Polyester Fabric

Polyester Fabric
Polyester Fabric

It is a synthetic fiber that is created from petrochemicals, such as coal and petroleum. Polyester is considered to be a durable material but is not breathable. It, therefore, is not an ideal choice for clothing but is still used as a comforting and cushioning material in pillows, comforters, and upholstery padding. Other blends of polyester are very durable as the strength of the fiber is mixed with the breathability of other fabrics to make ideal fabrics.

29. Spandex Fabric

Spandex Fabric
Spandex Fabric

Spandex is a synthetic fiber and is commonly known as Lycra. This fabric is known for its extreme elasticity. Spandex is often blended with other fibers of different types to add elasticity. It is commonly used in jeans, athleisure, and hosiery. It is made up of long chains of polymer, called polyurethane. Polymers are transformed into the fiber by the dry spinning method.

30. Suede Fabric

Suede Fabric
Suede Fabric

Suede is a type of leather that is made from the underside of the animal skin which gives it a soft surface. The most common skin used to make suede is of lamb, however, pig, calf, deer, and goat are also used. Suede is softer than the traditional leather and comparatively less strong as well. However, suede is durable and pliable and therefore can be used remolded and crafted with ease. Suede is commonly used for making footwear and jackets as well as for accessories such as belts and bags.

31. Tweed Fabric

Tweed Fabric
Tweed Fabric

Tweed is a wool made fabric that is rough in nature. It can be woven using plain weave or twill weave. Tweed is known to be thick and stiff and is an extremely warm fiber. Wool tweed is woven with threads of different colors to make different patterns, which are commonly geometrical. Tweed is a common fabric for suits and jackets and was originally made for carrying out hunting activities.

32. Twill Fabric

Twill Fabric
Twill Fabric

Twill is a weaving technique and is one of the three major weaving techniques in the textile industry, apart from plain weave and satin weave. The character which distinguishes twill from other weaves is the diagonal rib pattern on it. The front side of the twill fabric is often darker than the backside and a high thread count. This means that the fabric is opaque, thick, and therefore highly durable.

List of Fabric Names for Textile

  • Cotton Fabric
  • Denim Fabric
  • Printed Fabric
  • Digital Print Fabric
  • Net Fabric
  • Nylon fabric
  • Polyester Fabric
  • Georgette Fabric
  • Taffeta Fabric
  • Jacquard Fabric
  • Pure Silk fabric
  • Weightless Fabric
  • Garment Fabric
  • Chiffon Fabric
  • Knitted Fabric
  • Woven Fabric
  • Non Woven Fabric
  • Embroidered Fabric
  • Rayon Fabric
  • Linen Fabric
  • Khadi Fabric
  • Twill Fabric
  • Handloom Fabrics
  • Lycra Fabrics
  • synthetic Fabric
  • fleece fabrics
  • organza fabrics
  • flannel fabrics
  • batik fabrics
  • minky fabrics
  • quilt fabrics
  • canvas fabrics
  • recycled fabric
  • eco friendly fabric
  • functional fabrics
  • outdoor fabrics
  • carbon fibre fabric
  • industrial fabric
  • aramid fabrics
  • metallic fabrics
  • woolen fabrics
  • mattress fabrics
  • crepe fabric
  • dyed fabrics
  • lining fabrics
  • furnishing fabrics
  • tricot fabrics
  • tarpaulin fabrics
  • acrylic fabric
  • blended fabric
  • cambric fabric
  • organdy fabric
  • fur fabric
  • duck fabric
  • heat proof fabric
  • hemp fabric
  • lace fabric
  • muslin fabric
  • oxford fabric
  • pique fabric
  • ramie fabric
  • raschel fabric
  • ripstop fabric
  • spunbond fabric
  • spunlace nonwoven fabric
  • suede fabric
  • tapestry fabric
  • tencel fabric
  • terry fabric
  • thermal fabric
  • tweed fabric
  • ultrasonic non woven fabric
  • velveteen fabric
  • vinyl fabric
  • voile fabric
  • waterproof fabric
  • breathable fabric
  • worsted fabric
  • tissue fabric
  • flock fabric
  • microfiber fabric
  • greige fabrics
  • italian fabric
  • nighty fabric

How can you make the right choice from different types of fabric for the appropriate application

The fabric industry is rapidly rising, and growing day by day. Fabric manufacturers and Exporter produce so many types of fabrics for textile buyers. With recent technological advancements, new fabrics are coming up and setting new fashion trends. However, it is important to catch up with the industry as well as stay updated with the customer needs. With a hefty variety of fabrics and new practices to make them, it is crucial to pay attention to the changing trends and innovate with them. Only then will the textile industry be able to succeed and rise in the market. We have made a list of all types of fabric which are commonly available. However, there are many more different types of fabrics that are available.

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