What is dyeing in the textile industry?
Dyes are used on fabrics to given them colors. There are different types of fabric dyes used in the textile industry. However, two main prominent types of dyes are natural dyes and synthetic dyes. Natural dyes, as the name suggests, are made by extracting natural pigments from plants, animals, and minerals. Synthetic Fabric dyes, on the other hand, are made in a laboratory.
This is done by synthesizing chemicals and metals to obtain the color of choice. Different types of fabric dyes are used to add color to different types of textiles. Fabric can be dyed in any stage of the textile manufacturing process, be it in fiber, yarn, fabric, or even on finished textiles. Textile Infomedia is a portal for buyers of textile fabric to meet the suppliers and procure the products directly from them.
Types of Fabric Dyes Used In Textile Industry
Different types of fabric dyes are used for different types of fabrics in the textile industry. Each type of dye has different applications and gives different levels of finish on the fabric. It is therefore important to carefully select the correct type of dye. Following given is a list of all fabric dyes:
1. Fiber Reactive Dyes
Fiber reactive dye creates a molecular bond with the fiber’s molecules and dye molecules. Reactive dyes are efficient for use in wholesale cotton fabric and other cellulose/ protein fiber fabrics. Since the dye molecules bind with the fiber’s molecules, fabrics dyed with fiber reactive dyes are the most wash-safe fabrics. This means that these fabrics can be washed with other fabrics without the concern of color bleeding.
2. Direct Dyes
The direct dye is one of many types of fabric dyes that are used to color cellulose fibers, such as cotton. Direct dyes are less expensive than other fabric dyes, which is one reason why it is preferred over other dyes. Direct dyes are usually dull in color and not as wash fast as other fabric dyes. However, as compared to fiber reactive dyes, direct dyes are slightly less lightfast.
3. Acid Dyes
This type of fabric dyes is used in dyeing protein fibers such as wool and silk. Acid dyes are the best choice of dye for coloring protein fabrics. Acid dye, by itself, is a large category from types of fabric dyes and includes various other types. Leveling acid dyes and Lancet acid dyes are the two popular types of acid dyes.
4. All-Purpose Dyes
It is a mixture of different types of dyes in which direct dye is combined with acid dye to make a new dye, which is suitable for a range of fabrics. All-Purpose Dyes are capable of dyeing a range of different fabrics, even the ones which are a blend of two fibers. However, this dye cannot be used to dye polyester or jacquard fabric.
5. Natural Dyes
Natural dyes are an environment-friendly type of dyes that are derived from natural sources such as plants, animals, and minerals. Mordents are used to fix the dye and are usually non-toxic. When combined with an environment-friendly natural dye, the end result is a well-dyed printed fabric. However, sometimes natural dyes are considered less efficient than other types of dyes.
6. VAT Dyes
VAT is a type of fabric dye that is insoluble in water. VAT dyes are known for their characteristic of requiring a reducing agent to get absorbed. Moreover, for a fabric to be dyed with VAT, reactions such as oxidation, reduction, and prominent pH control are necessary. The dyeing process takes place in a bucket or a vat. VAT dyes are high in colorfastness.
Read further to know about the list of all fabric dyes used in the textile wholesale industry.
7. Disperse Dyes
Disperse is a type of fabric dye that is insoluble in water. This dye was specially made for dyeing cellulose acetate. Disperse dies are grounded into fine particles to make a paste, or even spray-dried to obtain a powder. It is mainly used to dye polyester. However, disperse dyes can also be used to dye other fabrics such as nylon and georgette fabrics.
8. Azoic Dyes
The types of fabric dyes containing insoluble Azo groups are called Azoic Dyes. These dyes are produced by reacting two components, which are Coupling Compound and Di-Azo Compound. Since azoic dyes are insoluble in water, the water fastness of these dyes is excellent. Azoic dyes have high coloring properties, in the range of red to yellow. The fabric is also highly lightfast.
9. Basic Dyes/ Cationic Dyes
Basic dyes are cationic dyes and are commonly used to dye fabrics such as wholesale pure silk fabric, nylon, wool, and other modified acrylic fabrics. This is one of many types of fabric dyes and is a common choice in the textile industry. Usually, acetic acid is added to the dye bath to increase the absorption of the dye. This dye is also commonly used in the coloration of paper.
This type of fabric dye requires a mordant which increases and improves the fastness of the fabric dye against the light, water, and perspiration. It is important to choose the mordant carefully as it can change the color of the wholesale fancy fabric. It can be used to dye fabrics such as polyester, silk, rayon, acrylic wool, and nylon, the dye has excellent quality of color adherence but is not as bright as acid dyes.
Sulfur is the most commonly used fabric dyes out of a list of all fabric dyes. It is inexpensive and has good wash-fastness. It is also easy to apply and is commonly used for cotton fabric. The dyeing process of fabric using sulfur dye includes various steps which include reduction, dyeing, washing, oxidization, soaping, and final washing. Sulfur dyes normally result in dull-colored fabrics and are also used in printing.
High-Quality Dyed Fabric Available Through Textile Infomedia
Here was a list of all fabric dyes commonly used in the textile industry. Different types of dyes are used for different purposes. Dyes are mainly classified according to their solubility and chemical properties. However, one prominent classification of dyes is natural and synthetic dyes. Textile Infomedia is a portal that has enlisted manufacturers of dyed textile fabrics throughout India.
The portal allows wholesalers to procure dyed textiles of high quality directly from the wholesalers. People can also procure dyed textiles at the best rates from the wholesalers, through Textile Infomedia.